There are a magnitude of potential causes, and everyones causes are generally different.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a collective term for diseases of the heart and blood vessels, mainly including coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure/cardiomyopathy. There are many factors that may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease, including:
Two of the main disease processes involved in the development and progression of CVD are atherosclerosis and dyslipidaemia.
Atherosclerosis is the hardening and/or narrowing of the arteries due to a build up of plaque (made up of cholesterol, fat, calcium and other substances) inside the arteries. Because arteries carry blood to the heart (and other areas of the body), the build up of plaque in the arteries reduces the flow of blood, which can eventually result in stroke or heart attack. Depending on which arteries are affected, various diseases can develop as a result of atherosclerosis. For example, Coronary Heart Disease is due to plaque build up on the coronary arteries, which reduces blood flow to the heart muscle.
Dyslipidamia is an imbalance of lipids (fat and cholesterol) in the blood, which in most patients presents as hyperlipidaemia (meaning high levels of fat in the blood). Elevated LDL-Cholesterol and triglycerides have been associated with CVD. HDL-Cholesterol, on the other hand, has been found to be protective against CVD. Statins (simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, etc.) are the most commonly prescribed treatment for high cholesterol. Whilst statins can be effective, they can actually deplete the body of important nutrients and cofactors that are involved in body processes, such as energy production and muscle function. Therefore, if you are using a statin to stabilise your cholesterol levels, you may also need additional nutrient support.
Nutritional, herbal and/or lifestyle therapies alone may be effective in the management of cardiovascular disease, however, can also be beneficial when used alongside other medications prescribed.
We are more than comfortable to work alongside your doctor and/or cardiologist in cardiovascular management.
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