What is progesterone ?
Progesterone is a female sex hormone produced by the ovaries that helps balance the menstrual cycle. It is important in fertility as it is released by the ovaries after ovulation to thicken the uterine lining to help accommodate a fertilised egg.
It is not only needed for pregnancy but also as an antidepressant, calming agent, regulate blood sugar levels and to balance out oestrogen.
Symptoms of low progesterone
- PMS and mood swings
- Irregular periods – Heavy bleeding, painful cramping etc.
- Early miscarriage
- Decreased sex drive
- Low energy and trouble sleeping
- Weight gain
- Depression and anxiety
There should be the right balance of oestrogen and progesterone. However, a hormonal imbalance resulting in low progesterone levels may increase oestrogen dominance.
Because of the increase in exposure to xeno “bad” estrogens such as plastics in day to day life, this type of hormonal imbalance with low progesterone is quite common.
Progesterone is also needed to protect against the negative effects of excess oestrogen which is why it is important to address hormonal imbalance.